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Virilio’s research is highly relevant to the theories of contemporary culture in terms of its comprehensive examination based on the experience of the utilization of cybernetic technologies and remote-controlled technologies like the Internet. Virilio’s cultural theoretical works, for instance, Polar Inertia, The Art of the Open Sky, Desert Screen Strategy of Deception and The Information Bomb mostly seem misinterpreted by various postmodern cultural theorists like Waite and other conservative critics such as Bricmont and Sokal (1998). In addition, the cultural theory of Virilio has nothing to do with the theory of postmodern cultural that abandons the cultural values.

The concept of artificial selection in Paul Virilio’s thinking, what is it, how does it relate to his concept of speed and distance, and why is it dangerous?

The artificial selection concept in Paul Virilio’s thinking relates to the modification as well as the replacement of the human power and capabilities by the machines and technology. Virilio argues that contemporary art is highly exposed to the ‘crucifixion’ and the extinction of the human body by the accelerating technologies (Crogan, 2013). Moreover, Virilio adds that technological dislocation does not only lead to the disappearance of the ‘now and here’ but also results to the appearance of the aspect of ‘virtual portal’ what may be referred to as ‘the specters meeting’ with the ‘Lord of technology’.

 Artificial selection relates to Virilio’s concept of speed and distance since the delocalized art is distinct from various traditional arts in that the images produced tend to be images of real time and space (Zistakis, 2018). In addition, artificial selection relates to his concept of speed and distance based on the basis of his transplant revolution agenda, which according to him is the invasion of the human era, by technoscience.  According to Virilio, the first transport revolution is the invention and advancement of the combustion engine, steam engine, the electrical motor, the rocket, and the jet engine (Crogan, 2013). Virilio adds that science and technology aim at miniaturizing with the aim of invading the human body. He also talks of the cardiac stimulator, which is a device he is especially interested in because much of his work is about speed and rhythms (Zistakis, 2018).

 In this concept, the cardiac stimulator provides the actual rhythm to the human patient’s life. According to Virilio, the cardiac stimulator is a critical icon of the transplant revolution, which indicates that the human body is being eaten up by being possessed technologically. More importantly, he comments that technology is no longer influencing the body of the territory such as railways, bridges, motorways, and large factories, but is currently entering the inside of the human body.

Artificial selection is dangerous since it clarifies the polar inertia hazards in the technoculture era animated by positive discoveries and alternating catastrophes (Zistakis, 2018). Virilio starts with an examination of the spreading disparity between the ‘breakthroughs of new technological’ such as the new kinds of planes and ships as well as the integral accidents that they give rise to (Zistakis, 2018). Also, he goes on to elaborate the discrepancy between inertia and absolute speed in the technoculture development in twentieth-century based on the western art. 

Transformation In Relation To Artificial Selection And Artificial Intelligence In Humans

The highly affirmative dimensions in relation to the cultural theory outlined by Virilio defines the artificial selection and artificial intelligence as hypermodern perspective aspects that reject many negative conclusions regarding individuals who equate collapse of values and postmodernism. According to Virilio, artificial selection and artificial intelligence are important defenders of past values courtesy of the present crises. 

Virilio believes that through artificial intelligence and artificial selection, the society has transformed into virtuality and hence will not be in a position to advance any more without appreciating the moral virtues. He adds that all that which has been contributed by theologians and philosophers of all religions brings into action the three traditional Devine traits, which are ubiquity, immediacy, and instantaneity. In this concept, Christianity, Buddhism, Islam, Protestantism, and Judaism have remained incomprehensible. In addition, there has been a critical transformation in the human race where an individual cannot connect with the cyberspace phenomenon without some inkling based on the respect for metaphysical intelligence. To add to this, he believes that the new technologies have led to a high demand especially for those who are highly interested in their applications. 

Origin Of The Impulse And Its Relationship With Virilio’s Concepts Of Speed And The Move Toward Endo-Colonization

Virilio admits that people are in the realm of emancipation and mobility. However, when absolute speed (speed of light) is put to work, it follows that one a barrier, which happens to be the barrier of light. According to him, there exist three well-known barriers that are the sound barrier that Chuck Jaeger introduced in 1947 by, the heat barrier that was passed in 1966 with rockets in a concept referred to as ‘escape velocity’.  Finally, there is the speed of light that is the lives’ effectuation in almost all-human activity realism. That is the likelihood of transferring over distance sound, sight, and smell as well as tactile feeling. In this concept, only taste and gustation seems to be left out of it. 

In this realism, it is therefore not necessary for anyone to make a journey that one has already made. The consequence of remaining at the same juncture is a form of Foucauldian imprisonment, however, this new form of imprisonment is an ultimate type because it practically denotes that the world has been rendered to nothing. In addition, the world is reduced in terms of both extension and surface to nothing and this leads to an incarceration kind, in a stasis that means it is no longer essential, to stand up, to journey, to go to things and to depart since everything is already there. In addition, this happens to be a relativity effect since the world is so small. Virilio adds that there is an ultimate relationship between absolute speed and inertia, which is based on the stasis that comes from absolute speed. Also, absolute stasis results in absolute stasis. 

What will artificial selection do to us?

As suggested by Virilio in his work, artificial selection is actually dangerous since his work is highly important in terms of speed-oriented philosophical hyper-modern examination of social and cultural experience.  This has a high influence among various cultural theorists of the advanced societies. Virilio’s work also demonstrates a wide range of postmodern cultural inadequacy in relation to theorists’ rejection in terms of modernity and modernism. 

Also, he goes on to elaborate the discrepancy between inertia and absolute speed in the technoculture development in twentieth-century based on the western art.  This is more practical when it comes to analyzing the current political like the war in Kosovo. In this regard, the critic of the technological art is associated with phenomenological of Merleau-Ponty in relation to positivistic perception, the subjectivity, and the body. 

Virilio examines the spreading disparity between the ‘breakthroughs of new technological’ such as the new kinds of planes and ships as well as the integral accidents that they give rise to (Gane, 2013). Artificial selection is dangerous since it clarifies the polar inertia hazards in the technoculture era animated by positive discoveries and alternating catastrophes (Crogan, 2013). 

Ways To Avoid A Posthuman Or Transhuman In Future

Virilio argues that posthuman and transhuman should be avoided in the future through resistance, which is always possible (Gane, 2013). However, people must engage in resistance by developing the concept of a technological culture. It is important for people to admit that in the present world, this concept is grossly underdeveloped. For instance, people have come up with a literary and an artistic culture. Moreover, the technological culture ideals remain poorly developed and thus outside the practical popular culture of democracy. In my opinion, the society at large should have control over developments in technology. This is the best strategy towards avoiding the gravest democracy threats in the near future. In addition, it is imperative to develop a critical culture of democratic technology to avoid posthuman and transhuman in future (Zistakis, 2018). 

References

Crogan, P. (2013). The Tendency, the Accident and the Untimely: Paul Virilio’s Engagement with the Future. Paul Virilio: From Modernism to Hypermodernism and Beyond, 161-176. doi:10.4135/9781446218242.n9

Gane, M. (2016). Paul Virilio’s Bunker Theorizing. Paul Virilio: From Modernism to Hypermodernism and Beyond, 85-102. doi:10.4135/9781446218242.n5Zistakis, A. C. (2018). Paul Virilio’s Phenomenology of Perception. Proceedings of the XXIII World Congress of Philosophy, 167-173. doi:10.5840/wcp23201810267

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